Hemodialysis Service

Dialysis Disease
Dialysis is the process of cleaning excess fluid and waste materials accumulated in the body through a semi-permeable membrane in people with kidney failure. Humans have two kidneys, which are located on either side of the posterior lumbar vertebrae. Its weight is approximately 150 gr, its length is approximately 12, its width is 6, and its thickness is 3 cm. The main function of the kidney is urine. Receiving the blood pumped by the heart, the kidney passes the blood through the glomeruli and forms urine. Due to kidney urine production; It provides the removal of toxic substances and extra water that occur during the digestion of consumed food. In addition, the kidneys are effective in the control of blood pressure with the effect of the hormone renin, in the formation of blood cells with the contribution of the hormone erythropoietin, and in bone metabolism by adjusting the calcium-phosphorus balance. Dialysis treatment should be initiated in patients with greatly reduced functioning of the kidney functions. There are two types of dialysis treatment.

Peritoneal Dialysis: Essentially, it is the process of passing the fluid given to the patient to the abdominal cavity, mixing with the waste materials there and evacuating these waste materials.

Hemodialysis: It is the process of taking the patient's blood from the vein with the help of special machines and injecting it back into the patient after cleaning. It should be done 1-3 times depending on the risk situation of the case.

Who Needs Dialysis Treatment

In patients who have lost 80-90% of kidney activities, with vomiting due to renal failure whose treatment cannot be prevented -
Untreated fluid increase
Bleeding tendency due to kidney failure,

A preparatory phase is passed before hemodialysis. Before the blood to be taken from the patient is given to the machine, it is necessary to open a larger than normal vascular access. In line with this requirement, the patient's artery and vein are surgically brought together. However, if dialysis will be applied due to the urgency of the situation, intravenous catheterization is applied.